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Resources

IDAHO: Ignoring Individualism: How a Disregard for Neuroscience and Supreme Court Precedent Make for Bad Policy in Idaho’s Mandatory Juvenile Transfer Law

This article evaluates the past and present factors for juveniles in the judicial system, and then considers the current Idaho legislation that mandates the transfer of juveniles into adult criminal court when they are accused of certain, enumerated crimes. 

ILLINOIS: Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission: Position on Automatic Transfer of Juveniles to Adult Court

This position statement emphasizes that juvenile court should be the default jurisdiction for all youth who are arrested, regardless of offense. Juvenile courts are designed to be rehabilitative and address youth needs individually, in a developmentally appropriate manner.  

Incarceration's Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America

This report examines existing research and data to take a deeper look at our nation’s misuse of local jails and to determine how we arrived at this point. The research and data include characteristics of the people currently being held; the key policies that have contributed to their cycling in and out; and the negative impacts that jail incarceration can have on people, their families, and the communities to which they return.

INDIANA: Juvenile Court Judges’ Attitudes Toward Waiver Decisions in Indiana

There has been an increase in the number of state laws subjecting juvenile offenders to tougher penalties and reducing the age at which an offender may be waived to criminal court. Indiana is one of the 46 states in which the juvenile court judge maintains the discretion to waive juvenile offenders to criminal court. An instrument was developed to measure judges’ perceptions of what factors affect their waiver decisions.  

INDIANA: Kids in Adult Court

This presentation details the cases in which youth can end up in adult courts  in the state of Indiana. 

Juvenile Crime and Criminal Justice: Resolving Border Disputes

This chapter discusses the impact of transfer laws in reducing crime. The author finds that rates of juvenile offending are not lower in states where it is more common to try adolescents as adults and juveniles who have been tried as adults are no less likely to re-offend than their juvenile counterparts. He concludes that treating juveniles as adult criminals is not effective as a means of crime control.

Juvenile Justice in a Developmental Framework: A 2015 Status Report

This report defines developmentally appropriate best practices in nine key juvenile justice policy areas and examines which states (and the District of Columbia) have, as of mid-2015, incorporated those practices into their juvenile justice statutes. The policy areas are status offense rules, age limits for juvenile court jurisdiction, transfer to adult court, access to counsel, competency to stand trial, courtroom shackling, solitary confinement, juvenile records, and sex offender registration.

Juvenile Justice Reform: County Leadership Roles and Opportunities

This report details why it is important to improve juvenile justice systems and how county governments can lead improvement efforts in their role as primary local providers of health, justice and social services for communities. Recognizing that many juvenile justice systems have inappropriate, cost-ineffective or nonexistent programs to assist youth who end up in courts and detention centers for nonviolent crimes, the report provides guidance to county officials and staff on community-based alternatives that are proven to produce better outcomes and cost less.

Juvenile Justice Reform: County Leadership Roles and Opportunities

This report details why it is important to improve juvenile justice systems and how county governments can lead improvement efforts in their role as primary local providers of health, justice and social services for communities. Recognizing that many juvenile justice systems have inappropriate, cost-ineffective or nonexistent programs to assist youth who end up in courts and detention centers for nonviolent crimes, the report provides guidance to county officials and staff on community-based alternatives that are proven to produce better outcomes and cost less.

Juvenile Justice, Geography, Policy, Practice and Statistics

This interactive web-based tool of the National Center for Juvenile Justice charts national changes in juvenile justice policy, practices, and statatistics to better understand reform. Changes are tracked in 6 areas of reform including Jurisdictional Boundaries, Juvenile Defense, Racial & Ethnic Fairness, Juvenile Justice Services, Status Offense Issues and Integrated Services.

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2014 National Report | Fourth Edition

This report pinpoints on national data collections that exemplify the specific information needs of those involved with the juvenile justice system. Chapter 7 focuses on youth in adult facilities.

Juvenile Transfer Laws: An Effective Deterrent to Delinquency?

This bulletin confirms extensive research finding that transfer laws have had the unintended consequence of increasing, rather than decreasing, recidivism rates and suggests that any intended deterrent effect of these laws has been largely unsuccessful.

Juvenile Waiver as the Only Equitable Method to Transfer Juvenile Offenders to Criminal Court

This Note argues that the increased use of over-inclusive legislative and prosecutorial waivers is a mere "quick-fix" to the juvenile crime problem and serves neither the interests of society at large nor the juvenile population.

Keeping Adolescents Out of Prison

This policy brief cites research showing that harsh punishment in adult facilities increases the probability of future violent crimes and that programs for youth that provide systematic treatment in community and family settings significantly reduce future criminal behavior without the need for harsh sanctions. The brief recommends states should adapt their laws on juvenile crime to emphasize evidence-based treatment and to avoid harsh punishment for all but repeat violent offenders.

KENTUCKY: Trends in KY Youthful Offender Case Law from 2000-2013

This document reviews the significant Youthful Offender cases that occured in Kentucky between 2000 and 2013.

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