The purpose of this project is two-fold. First, to research, review, and determine whether juvenile courts should retain jurisdiction over juvenile cases until the defendants reach age 18; and second, to establish whether there exists a disparity in the races of juveniles who have their cases directly filed or transferred to adult court. I selected Florida because Florida has been known for its record on juvenile direct files and has nationally held the lead for the number of juvenile cases transferred to criminal court. Beginning in the 1990s, many states made legislative changes to their juvenile laws to impose harsher sentences on juveniles who were charged with committing a series of crimes. These legislative changes were implemented as a deterrent to what everyone saw as an impending wave of violent crimes committed by youth.